Breast cancer is an abnormal, rapid growth of cells lining the milk ducts in the breast, where these cells can enter the lymph ducts, and spread very quickly to reach the lymph nodes, and then to the rest of the body, and these cells may be benign, or malignant, and the incidence varies From person to person according to his health condition, age, and early detection of disease.
There are many causes that lead to breast cancer, and they are as follows:
- hereditary factor.
- genetic defect
- Environmental factors such as exposure to radiation and chemicals.
- Eating unhealthy food.
Factors that contribute to breast cancer include:
- Reaching menopause.
- Hormone therapy.
- Menstruation at an early age.
- The density of breast tissue.
- Delayed pregnancy.
- Gender: The incidence of breast cancer is higher in women than in men.
- Dark skin color.
The relationship of birth control pills to breast cancer
Excessive use of birth control pills at an early age leads to breast cancer because birth control pills contain hormones that lead to weight gain, stomach disorders, and breast congestion, which affects the growth and activity of cells, and increases the possibility of the presence and proliferation of abnormal cells in the breast. .
- Strange nipple discharge.
- A change in the size and shape of the breast.
- breast redness;
- Sensation of a foreign body, painless under the armpit.
- general fatigue
- Enlargement of the breast.
- weight loss.
- Bone pain.
- A change in the color of the nipple with cracks.
- hair loss;
Breast cancer is diagnosed by:
- X ray.
- Magnetic Resonance.
- Taking a sample of breast tissue.
- Ultrasound examination.
- Estrogen and progesterone receptor testing.
- Genetic examinations.
- A sample of the lymph nodes is taken.
- Positron emission tomography (PET scan).
To prevent breast cancer, you should take care of the following:
- Avoid exposure to radiation and chemicals.
- Do regular checks.
- Commit to a healthy, balanced diet that contains vitamins, minerals, fiber, fats, proteins, and carbohydrates.
- Doing exercise regularly.
- Stay away from smoking.
- Avoid alcohol.
- Avoid taking contraceptives.
There are several ways in which breast cancer is treated, and they are as follows:
- Radiation therapy.
- Treatment with hormones.
- Surgical treatment by removing the tumor and lymph nodes without the breast, or with mastectomy in some cases.
- Surgical operations to rebuild and reconstruct the breast.
Do birth control pills cause breast cancer?