Strategic location is a geographical term used to define and express a location or place that occupies a political, military, or economic importance and position, or all together at the local, regional or global level.
The strategic location of the Arab world
The Arab world occupies a geographical location characterized as an important strategic location, linking the three continents of the world, Asia, Europe, and Africa, where it is located in the northern hemisphere and extends from northern Iraq in the east to Mauritania in the west, and its maximum extension in the south is Somalia, and this location made the world The Arab controls many waterways such as the Suez Canal, which connects the Mediterranean with the Red Sea, the Strait of Gibraltar, which connects the Mediterranean with the Atlantic Ocean, the Strait of Hormuz, which connects the Indian Ocean with the Persian Gulf, and many other sites of great importance in trade International, as most commercial airlines pass through the Arab world, in addition to the fact that most airlines pass through the skies of the Arab world, and also shorten many distances.
Because of this site, the Arab world had strategic importance on all the military, economic, and political levels. For this reason, the Arab world was subjected to many invasions, wars, and many colonization and mandate operations by European and American countries in an attempt to control the world.
The importance of strategic location
- It overlooks both the Indian Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean, and it overlooks three important seas: the Mediterranean, the Red Sea, and the Arabian Gulf. Yemen, and the Strait of Hormuz in Oman.
- It contains oil as it contains the largest amount in terms of reserves, production and export, in addition to a lot of agricultural and tourism goods.
- It connects the East with the West as it is located in the middle of the world, so it occupies a very special strategic position.
Arab world wars
- From the beginning of the last century (the twentieth century) until the middle of the century, the Arab world was divided due to colonialism and mandate, with the largest share of France and Britain, in addition to the Spanish colonization of Morocco, and the Italian colonization of Libya.
- The Arab world was subjected to Mongol attacks during the reign of the Mamluks, who wreaked havoc in the country, killing people and burning temples, mosques and libraries, but the leader Qutuz was able to defeat them and defeat them in the Battle of Ain Jalut.
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