Definition of corruption

Corruption can be defined as dishonest acts done by people in positions of authority, such as managers, government officials and others, for private gain. Examples of corruption phenomena include giving and accepting bribes and improper gifts, illegal political transactions, fraud or deception, manipulation of election results, money transfer, fraud, money laundering and others.[1]

types of corruption

Corruption acts include a large list of immoral acts including extortion, bribery, nepotism, embezzlement, etc., but in general there are two main forms of corruption, which are as follows:[2]

  • Minor or petty corruption, whose effects are small and generally unclear on the country, as it is about small amounts of money, or related to people who do not have a strong influence in the country, but its effects can be exacerbated to cause major problems, and its forms are the payment of undeserved money. To get study seats, to get quick professional promotions, to move to another judge to reverse a court decision and so on.
  • Huge corruption, which has a direct and long-term negative impact on the country, as it involves huge sums of money, and is carried out by high-ranking officials in the country. Examples include embezzlement of funds that were intended to establish projects that serve the general public, or to increase funds allocated to law makers. and officials in the state to legislate laws for the benefit of a particular person, or group of persons, to give bids and jobs to unqualified people, to receive bad or inexpensive projects, and so on.

Causes of corruption

Some of the most important causes of corruption in societies can be summarized through the following points:[3]

  • Personal greed, where humans have an innate urge to own, and the cause of corruption is sometimes attributed to the absolute desire of officials for money and power, without considering the limits of morality.
  • Low patriotic and moral sense, either because of the lack of education, or the negative educational experience that the official went through.
  • Low awareness and lack of courage among the rest of the people to confront corruption and the corrupt. They turn a blind eye, or remain silent about corruption, which encourages the corrupt to continue their business more.
  • The existence of cultural environments that encourage and condone corruption, where evasion of responsibilities and the ability to achieve personal gain through illegal means can be considered admirable in some environments.
  • Undeterring laws and regulations, as legal negligence in corruption-prone areas leads to widespread corruption, slow judicial processes in some countries, and obstruction of justice.
  • Lack of ethical standards in promotions, when some people are promoted in dishonest ways.

the reviewer

  1. ↑ “Corruption”,, Retrieved 7-30-2018. Edited.
  2. ↑ “Social life”,, 2-12-2017, Retrieved 7-30-2018. Edited.
  3. ↑ DOMÈNEC MELÉ (6-11-2014), “Corruption: 10 Possible Causes”,, Retrieved 7-30-2018. Edited.

Definition of corruption

writing – on the date : – Last updated: 2022-06-19 18:06:01