Dar Al-Hajar Palace.. one of the most important and prominent monuments in Yemen, which demonstrated the professionalism and ingenuity of its founder, and the extent of his awareness of architecture and astronomy in that time period, especially the consistency of floors, whose design was perfectly suited to the natural rock formation on which the palace was built, In an artistic, eye-catching image, and a gathering for tourist delegations until our time.
This archaeological landmark is located in the city of Sana’a, Yemen, and was named by this name in relation to the granite rock on which it was built, and it is a subterranean igneous rock that biologists believe was formed by the crystallization of magma, that is, the molten rock material, through the slow cooling process, and the height of the rock was estimated. About 35 meters above the ground, it is located on the ruins of the ancient Sheba’s palace known as “The Sedan” fortress, which is the fortress built by the Himyarites in 3000 BC and destroyed by the Turks 400 years ago.
When was it built?
The palace was built during the 18th century AD, by Ali bin Saleh Al-Amari, who was a minister to the King of Yemen, Imam Al-Mansur Ali bin Abbas, who also became famous at that time, and was famous for his knowledge and skill in architecture and astronomy, and as a result, the king commissioned him He built an impenetrable palace in Wadi Dahr, to be his summer residence.
However, it should be noted that the gossip differed, and the narrations that were transmitted through the ages varied regarding the beginning of the construction and construction of the palace, as some of them refer it to the era of the Himyarite Kingdom that appeared at the beginning of the fourth century AD, and this opinion is based on references contained in the eighth part of the book “The Coronation.” » Al-Hamdani, in which he talked about the ancient palaces of Yemen, and mentioned them the palace of Dar Al-Hajar.
These studies mention that Dar Al-Hajar Palace was demolished and burned several times throughout history, in light of ongoing wars and continuous conflicts that did not stop in Yemen.
It is also said that it was built before the advent of Imam Al-Mansur, but the heavy rains that the country witnessed during the rule of the Turks led to the house’s concern and completely obliterated its features, until no trace remained of it, so that “Imam Al-Mansour” resumed its construction again, by building the first 3 floors with the existing black turkey stone.
Historic tourist attraction
Dar Al-Hajar Palace has become one of the most important and prominent tourist attractions, which are visited by thousands of tourists from inside and outside the country, firstly because of the permanent greenery around the palace, as grapes, quince and dom trees are planted in Wadi Dahr, and secondly because the palace contains reception halls and suites Property, giving you an attractive archaeological glimpse of the authentic Yemeni architectural style spanning throughout history.
The palace consists of very luxurious reception halls, which visitors reach through the wide corridor paved with large stones, to connect them by extension to “Al-Mafraj”, which is the upper northern floor, and Al-Mafraj is a large council overlooking a circular water basin built with black stone, which was previously taken by kings to receive senior Visitors, which was added by Imam Yahya bin Hamid Al-Din.
In addition, there are the family rooms spread on the third floor, which are characterized by their breathtaking view, and their spacious balcony with water basins that were used for washing clothes. The attractiveness of these rooms is due to the surrounding trees, fruit farms and running rivers. The rooms are designed to suit all seasons, including summer Which receive cold air during the very hot summer, and others are designed towards the sun, to give those sitting the necessary warmth and heat during the winter.
We also find the amazing geometric design of the floors, and the construction of rooms at specific angles, all of which fit with the natural formation of the rock on which the palace was built, and in proportion to its prominent topography, in a wonderful harmony between the architecture and the solid rocky nature.
The bedrooms were also provided with wall cabinets to store clothes, jewelry and all valuables, which indicates the progress and development of the builder’s mentality, and his ability to exploit the spaces in an ideal manner, which was also evident through the wall openings designated for guarding, which allow for comprehensive observation of the palace’s surroundings.
One of the most important features of the house is the presence of a well on the second floor, as this well was dug in the rock on which Dar Al-Hajar is built, and the depth of the well ranges between 65 – 70 meters approximately, to meet the palace’s water needs. A number of stores and kitchens are spread around the well, as well as grain mills. Medium-sized caves were also dug on the north side, which are said to have been used in the past as tombs for the inhabitants of the palace.
The upper floors and royal suites came to envelop this great edifice, with their highly elegant and beautiful designs, which were dedicated to the king and his family. Carved marble, decorated with colored glass, which adds more beauty and elegance, following the rainbow light that enters the rooms and suites.