Plastic surgery has become a concern of most people, as they seek to achieve perfection in the general appearance, whether in the details of the face or the shape of the body, and this is no longer difficult or impossible at the present time, as a result of the emergence and spread of cosmetic operations, which would change or correct some features in the shape The external appearance of humans, either as a result of their deformation, or to imitate the appearance of an artist and other reasons, but despite the benefits and benefits of plastic surgery, it has some negative side effects and risks that we will introduce you to in this article.
The types of cosmetic surgeries vary between reducing, enlarging, blowing, whitening and changing color, and some people make complete changes to their external appearance, and despite the satisfactory results of cosmetic surgeries in most cases and their positive results, the negatives are very many, sometimes they may outweigh their advantages.
There are two types of plastic surgery to know about:
1- Plastic surgeries
The focus is on changing something in the body or the face, such as wrinkle removal operations through Botox injections, breast augmentation or reduction, rhinoplasty, liposuction, and tightening the sagging in the body.
2- Plastic surgeries
These operations are used for the purpose of restoring the various organs of the body due to congenital malformations or deformities resulting from exposure to an accident, such as limb transplantation, treatment of deep wounds due to burns, treatment of the problem of the rabbit lip.
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All surgeries have a risk of death, which does not exceed one percent, but increases the probability of their occurrence in some operations as a result of wrong anesthesia.
Lack of cosmetic tools for the doctor
The lack of sufficient cosmetic tools with the doctor may lead to many risks for the patient, as this may lead to the failure of the operation, not only by not improving the appearance, but the process may distort the view more than before.
Paralysis or less severe nerve damage
In very rare cases, groups of nerves described as numbness and numbness can be damaged, and the damage may exceed a year. Sometimes the patient suffers from weakness or paralysis in some muscles if the nerve of a muscle is disrupted. This can be treated with reconstructive surgery.
Social or psychological risks
It is important to understand that the success of the plastic surgery may not necessarily lead to the success and fulfillment of the patient’s hopes in social or life relationships. It is also important to understand that there is no such thing as “formal perfection”.
Tissue death (Necrocis)
It is the death of tissues in the vicinity of the operation due to a severe lack of oxygen. Although the possibility of this happening in normal cosmetic operations is small, it increases with the complexity of the operation. In operations such as face-lift or breast reduction, there is a possibility of infection. Smokers are more likely to suffer from this condition, as they suffer from constriction of the arteries and a lack of oxygen in the blood.
Permanent nerve damage and loss of feeling in the affected tissue is a complication that must be paid attention to and is common in breast augmentation operations. The operation may lead to nerve damage or cutting during the operation, which later leads to the inability to show different facial expressions such as a smile or frowning and others.
Most patients tolerate anesthesia without difficulty, especially general anesthesia, however complications from anesthesia may occur and be the main cause of death, and the incidence of its occurrence is small, but it is still present. General or complete anesthesia may be accompanied by many complications such as entering a temporary or permanent coma, infection with pneumonia, a sudden drop in blood pressure, or strokes and heart attacks.
Allergies due to plastic surgery
Some patients suffer from allergic reactions to injection materials, or from the body’s rejection of the transferred tissue, such as cases of skin transfers in burn injuries, or breast implants.
Heavy bleeding in plastic surgery
As with any surgery, cosmetic operations may be accompanied by bleeding, which is one of the most dangerous complications that may cause death if the patient is not treated immediately, and may cause anemia. Blood clots and collects under the skin leads to a condition known as hematoma, which has a solid appearance and nature, and the color of the skin changes to blue or dark blue. This causes pain in the area, but it subsides with time, as the anticoagulant system begins to absorb the blood collected under the skin. But in some cases, the situation worsens and the hematoma grows, which increases pressure on the surrounding tissues, which leads to the death of the skin and requires surgical removal of the clotted blood.
Plastic surgery and the appearance of scars
The scar is an important issue, and although all efforts are taken to reduce it, it still occurs. This is a problem especially for those who have dark skin tone most of the time. They are prone to thicker scars and scars. But it can be controlled in most cases, and to reduce the possibility of these scars, you should follow the doctor’s instructions for the process and not smoke during the recovery period.
How to avoid the risks of plastic surgery?
Being fully prepared for plastic surgery may avoid the risks or potential complications of the operation, and some precautions must be taken into account that help the success of the operation, the most important of which are:
Choosing a doctor:
To avoid many of the risks and complications associated with plastic surgery, you must first choose an experienced and reputable plastic surgeon. It must be ensured that the doctor is officially accredited and holds a license to practice the profession.
Medical examinations and tests: The patient must undergo comprehensive medical examinations to avoid any possible complications, and a complete file of the medical history and health problems must be prepared and submitted to the treating physician, with a list of the daily medications used.