health system

The health system is a system that provides health care to the population, so that the competent authorities finance and organize it and then provide it to the population as it has become a basic and indispensable human right, and therefore the health system must include common values ​​that aim to enhance the health of the population by resorting to more Effective methods are within the capabilities available to society, and health care varies from one country to another according to culture, development, and social values, so that some countries are interested in preventing diseases, while others focus on treatment and care.[1]

Objectives of the health care system

Health care systems aim to respond to the needs and expectations of the population, improve their health condition, defend against all threats, as well as protect the population from the financial problems they face when their health declines, by providing fair opportunities to access appropriate health care, and enabling their participation in decisions that affect on their health and their health.[1]

Components of the health system

The health system consists of several components, which are as follows:


Policy refers to the strategic direction set by senior policy makers; To maintain public health and safety, combat corruption, and contribute to effective leadership in the country’s private health sector. This category includes legislative and regulatory processes, basic policy development, incentive and sanctions mechanisms, dismissal systems, donors or actors in the public sector, and all of this. It aims to ensure fair and sustainable health services.[2]


Funding refers to the collection, mobilization, and distribution of health resources; In order to develop its use, achieve the greatest degree of results, and protect citizens from large health expenditures.[2]

Medical Products and Drugs Administration

This system provides medicines and goods, develops medicine policy, registers and regulates it, and ensures its quality. It also includes control mechanisms, storage, distribution, and selection of medicines and appropriate goods.[2]

Medical products are the second largest component of health budgets in developed countries, and the largest component in middle and low-income countries. Therefore, appropriate health care aims to reach the appropriate prices for both medicines and vaccines, as well as medical diagnosis, provided that they are within the required and effective quality and specifications, and are used in a manner Scientifically peaceful.[3]

Service Management

The Services Department works to develop the organization, organize services, ensure their quality, and implement models of care that effectively promote the provision of high-quality services at the appropriate level, and reduce the fragmentation of care, as management is carried out at many different levels in the health system, as any Weakness that may affect the system will lead to waste of materials and loss of the required quality.[2]

human resources for health

Human resources are one of the important basics in achieving health care, so that a good workforce is one of the most important reasons that achieve the best results in responding to the needs of the population within the available resources, and the efficiency of the workforce varies from one country to another, but the development remains continuous in improving employment and education, training, and improving their productivity and performance in the health care service.[3]

health information system

This system provides the necessary information about health care, as it is a wide field and addresses social challenges. It also manages health financing through health accounts and solves financial disasters, which are among the biggest obstacles to health services for the poor, as it ensures that services are delivered to all and that they are of high quality. 0[3]


Facilities such as hospitals and the workforce such as nurses are among the most important sources of health care, so centralized systems try to achieve as much equality as possible in their distribution according to the needs of the community, so this care is highly regional, so that most health care problems can be transferred to primary care And the specialty available in hospitals more easily.[1]

the reviewer

  1. ^ APT L. gregory pawlson (03-04-2019), “HEALTHCARE SYSTEMS”,, Retrieved 03-24-2019.
  2. ^ a b c Geneva Switzerland (24-03-2019), “Other Health System Components”,, Retrieved 24-03-2019.
  3. ^ APT, “Key components of a well-functioning health system”,, 05-01-2010, Retrieved 03-24-2019. Edited.

components of a health system