The mother is keen on monthly medical follow-up, starting from the first month of pregnancy until birth safely in order to avoid the cessation of fetal growth, as the reasons for cessation of fetal growth are many and can occur in pregnancy at any time, which causes concern for the mother, so we will review in the article the reasons for the cessation of growth The fetus and signs of stunted growth, and how to reduce the risk of fetal growth stunted.
fetal growth stunted
The cessation of fetal growth means that the fetus does not develop normally or normally inside the uterus in what is known as abnormal fetal growth or growth restriction. There is size, length and development in the fetus’s creation in each week of pregnancy. In its development, this problem often appears in the second and last trimester of pregnancy as it crystallizes in the birth of low-sized or incomplete children in what are known as premature babies.
There are types that determine the growth of the fetus in the womb, the first or symmetrical type, which means the lack of growth of the internal organs of the fetus and their delay in performing their functions, and the secondary or asymmetric type, which means the small size of the abdomen or weight of the fetus with a normal head, which is often born small and may have a problem healthy throughout his life.
Reasons for fetal growth stunted
There are several reasons for the cessation of fetal growth, whether related to the mother or genetic factors, and the causes of fetal cessation are:
- Infection of the mother with some diseases such as heart, high blood pressure, anemia, immune diseases and German measles infection.
- Weakness or excess of the mother’s weight, as her being very thin or obese negatively affects the development of the fetus, especially in the last months of pregnancy.
- Using some medications without consulting a doctor, such as epilepsy drugs.
- Placental problems, which impede the delivery of oxygen and food to the fetus, which leads to a lack of blood supply to the fetus.
- Maternal malnutrition and low blood pressure, which leads to the cessation of the growth of the internal organs of the fetus.
- Gestational diabetes.
- High blood pressure and then the occurrence of preeclampsia leads to a halt in the growth of the fetus.
- Genetic causes are more common in the causes of fetal growth arrest, such as chromosomal abnormalities and congenital malformations in the first three months of pregnancy.
- Pregnancy with more than one twin.
- A problem in the blood supply to the fetus through the umbilical cord.
Signs that the fetus has stopped growing
Some symptoms become serious indications and signs that the growth of the fetus has stopped, if the mother suffers from some diseases or there are reasons for stopping the growth of the fetus that were previously mentioned, and here it is necessary to refer to the doctor quickly to examine the TV rays and 4d, 5d rays to examine the fetus and know its size, and there are signs that indicate On the cessation of fetal growth, including:
- Not feeling the symptoms of pregnancy suddenly in the first months of pregnancy, such as nausea and the desire to vomit.
- Low back pain that is exaggerated or intolerable, especially with bleeding.
- Low level of the pregnancy hormone (HCG) in blood or urine tests, as the level of the hormone is supposed to double in weeks 9-12 of pregnancy, and in the event of the opposite, you should consult a doctor immediately.
- The fetal heartbeat stopped after its appearance at the end of the first trimester, or it was not heard at all through sound waves.
- Vaginal discharge, which is characterized in this case by its abundance, with an unpleasant smell and accompanied by itching or pain.
- High temperature in some cases.
- Sudden cramping with previous symptoms.
Risk factors that increase the stunted growth of the fetus
In addition to the previous reasons for the cessation of fetal growth, there are some other factors that represent risk factors that increase the chances of fetal growth stunted, including:
- The mother’s abuse of drugs or alcohol.
- Living in an unclean or polluted environment.
- Low level of amniotic fluid around the fetus.
- A previous history of a pregnancy in which the fetus has stopped growing or the birth of a small baby.
- Malnutrition and maternal anemia.
- Having a history of preeclampsia for the mother.
Does stopping the growth of the fetus mean his death?
In many cases, stopping the growth of the fetus does not mean its death. Rather, the fetus can be saved if its growth is slow, which happens in the second and last trimester of pregnancy. As for the chances of miscarriage due to the cessation of fetal growth, it is often in the first twenty weeks, and the matter in general needs to Deal carefully with any symptoms that may occur to you in the months of pregnancy to avoid the death of the fetus.
You can stop the growth of the fetus and then come back?
The fetus can be saved if its growth is slower than the usual way through the doctor’s intervention by some well-known medical methods, but the complete cessation of fetal growth for a long period becomes more likely to miscarriage, while the cessation can be dealt with for a short period, especially in the first months, as well as regular follow-up of both The pulse and movement, as well as the rate of the amniotic fluid around the fetus, and the periodic examinations of the mother such as checking blood pressure and checking diabetes, to avoid complications of pre-eclampsia and other causes of fetal growth stunted.
The first and most important advice during your pregnancy months is to follow the movement of the fetus regularly in the last third of pregnancy, with the importance of noticing the symptoms of slow fetal growth that we mentioned earlier in the first trimester, and then you should contact your doctor immediately to save the fetus, and here are a set of tips that help you maintain on your fetus and reduce the risk of fetal growth stunted, namely:
- Monitor fetal movement.
- Commit to regular follow-up appointments with the doctor.
- Do not use medicines without consulting a doctor.
- Refer to your doctor when feeling any fatigue.
- Pay attention to proper nutrition and healthy food.
- Avoid fatty and salty foods, canned foods, and preserved foods.
- It is important to get enough rest and avoid stress and fatigue.
- Avoid stress and psychological pressure.
- Avoid smoking and drinking caffeine.
- Adhere to the nutritional supplements prescribed by the doctor throughout pregnancy, such as calcium, iron and omega 3.
In conclusion, you can bring your fetus to safety and win that moment when you embrace your newborn, by avoiding the reasons for the cessation of fetal growth that could lose your fetus at any time in pregnancy, just adhere to the doctor’s instructions and proper nutrition.