Vitamin D and its normal ratio

Vitamin D was classified as a hormone that the body produces due to exposure to sunlight, so it was also called the sunshine vitamin. This hormone absorbs calcium and phosphorous in lunch from the digestive system and supplies it to the body. The normal range for vitamin D is 30-74 nano/ml.

Vitamin D deficiency

We can know the percentage of vitamin D in our body by conducting a blood test that gives us accurate results whether it is within the normal level or not. In the event of a deficiency, it is necessary to take supplements to provide the body with the required quantities according to its deficiency, based on the doctor’s advice. There are specific quantities that must be taken; Because excess vitamin D causes diseases such as high blood pressure.

Symptoms of Vitamin D deficiency in children

The reason for vitamin D deficiency is due to insufficient exposure to sunlight, and intestinal diseases impede adequate vitamin D absorption, and weight gain plays a role in its deficiency, as vitamin D accumulates in fats, and mother’s milk does not contain vitamin D in sufficient quantities for the infant’s body. In this case, starting to give the infant vitamin D from the age of two months, kidney and liver diseases, malnutrition, and increased phosphorous secretion in the kidneys due to genetic diseases are all causes of vitamin D deficiency, which affects the body and causes it to have many problems such as bowed legs, delayed walking, and crawling standing, weakness of the body’s muscles and bones, muscle spasms, the infant’s skull becomes soft and the fontanelle becomes large, and the child’s bones become more susceptible to fracture due to any trauma.

Vitamin D benefits for the baby

Vitamin D helps absorb calcium and phosphate from the small intestine and re-absorb calcium in the kidneys, and maintains the proportion of calcium and phosphorous in the blood where it is deposited in the bones, which helps bone cells to mature, giving the bones strength and grow normally, prevention of rickets and bone diseases in infants such as Delaying walking, crawling, and standing, increases the body’s immunity in the face of diseases and resistance to cancer, and helps the healthy and strong growth of the teeth as it facilitates the teething process, and avoids diabetes.

Natural sources of Vitamin D

  • Exposure to sunlight is the main factor for the body to obtain vitamin D, but increased exposure to it causes health problems for the skin.
  • Foods that contain it such as fish, eggs, and milk, which is an essential food for infants.

Recommended doses of vitamin D

The amount that the body needs is determined based on age, and the following table shows the daily amounts of vitamin D that should be taken by age group:

Age group

Vitamin D supplement dosage

From the age of one day to one year

400 IU/10mcg

From 1 to 13 years old

600 IU/15 mcg

14-18

600 IU/15mcg

from 19-70

600 IU/15 mcg

over 71

800 IU/20 mcg

Cases of giving vitamin D to children

  • Babies who are exclusively breastfed or who are breast-fed and formula-fed are recommended to be given 400 IU per day of vitamin D.
  • As for children who depend on artificial feeding and whose breastfed is not less than one liter, he does not need to give him vitamin D. Because all types of formula milk contain vitamin D in its composition.
  • At the age of six months, the child is given complementary auxiliary foods while continuing to give him vitamin D for children who are breastfed by their mothers or who adopt both natural and artificial feeding.
  • At the age of one year, the child drinks whole milk, which dispenses with the intake of vitamin D.

The dose prescribed by the doctor for the child must be adhered to, as increasing the dose has several negative effects, including loss of appetite, constant tiredness and fatigue, nausea, feeling very thirsty, increased urine amount, diarrhea and most likely constipation. When one of these symptoms and signs appears on the child, he should refer to doctor to handle it.

Vitamin D benefits for the baby

writing – on the date : – Last updated: 2022-06-13 01:48:01