Basil is one of the aromatic herbs that are frequently used in many areas, as it can be introduced into many food recipes such as salads and others. India more than 5000 years ago, and it has been used in Europe in medicine and cooking, and it is recommended to use fresh leaves of basil and its stems, and to stay away from yellow or withered leaves, and it can be stored at room temperature by immersing its roots in water, or placing it in damp paper towels in a bag Plastic, tightly closed and stored in the refrigerator for three to five days.[1]

Basil is available in many varieties; Such as sweet basil, which is one of the most common types, and its leaves are large green, and is characterized by its strong and sweet smell, and other types of basil are also called holy basil, which is frequently used in Asian kitchens, and has a smell similar to the smell of cloves, and basil is generally a good source Some of the vitamins, minerals and dietary fiber important for health.[1]

Benefits of basil love

Basil seeds are among the seeds that can be eaten. These seeds are extracted from sweet basil, and are similar in shape to sesame seeds, but differ in color as the basil seeds are black. These seeds have been used since ancient times in traditional medicine in some regions because of their health benefits, including the following:[2]

  • Rich source of minerals: Basil seeds contain iron, magnesium, and calcium that are important for improving bone health and muscle function, and iron is necessary for the production of red blood cells.
  • A source of dietary fiber: Basil seeds are one of the rich sources of soluble fiber. Such as: pectin, and therefore eating a tablespoon of it can help the body get 25% of its daily need of these fibers, and promote intestinal health, in addition to the possibility of increasing the feeling of satiety, and helping to improve control of sugar levels, and cholesterol in the blood.
  • Rich in plant compounds: Basil seeds contain a high percentage of flavonoids and other polyphenols, which protect the body’s cells from damage caused by free radicals. These compounds also have anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer properties.
  • Possibility of use in drinks: Basil seeds were used in the past in India and South Asia in the manufacture of many drinks and sweets, and can also be added to ice cream, milk, pasta, and fruits. On the other hand, it can be used as a thickener and food stabilizer because it contains pectin.
  • Rich source of omega-3s: A tablespoon of these seeds provides the body with its daily needs of alpha-linolenic acid, which is an omega-3 fatty acid that the body uses in energy production, and can also reduce Risk of heart disease and type 2 diabetes.
  • An alternative to chia seeds: basil seeds contain more dietary fiber than chia seeds, but chia seeds are higher in omega-3 content, and basil seeds can be used as a healthy alternative in shakes and baked goods.

Benefits of basil

Research conducted on the health benefits of basil showed that it contains a large group of essential oils, which are rich in phenolic compounds, and other natural products; Such as polyphenols, including flavonoids (English: Flavonoids), and anthocyanins (English: Anthocyane), and this type of herbs can provide many health benefits to the body; Here are the most important of these benefits:[3][4][5]

  • Helps reduce the effect of oxidative stress: Basil is one of the herbs that helps the body deal with stress, and one study conducted on rabbits exposed to oxidative stress indicated that eating this herb reduced blood sugar levels and enhanced its antioxidant activity.
  • Possesses anti-aging properties: one study found that basil extracts were effective in killing harmful particles and blocking the effects of certain free radicals in the liver, heart, and brain, supporting their use to promote youth in traditional Indian medicine.
  • Helps reduce inflammation and puffiness: one study showed that holy basil extracts reduced puffiness by 73% after 24 hours of treatment, and its effect may be similar to the use of Diclofenac drugs; Which is one of the anti-inflammatories commonly used for arthritis, and another study indicated that a compound called beta-caryophyllene found in this type of herbs may be useful in treating some diseases that include infections such as inflammatory bowel disease, and arthritis.
  • Helps reduce anxiety: Holy basil has antidepressant and anxiety properties, and it has also been found to help increase endurance in animals, and in addition, studies conducted on animals and humans have found that it reduced sleep problems, stress, fatigue, and forgetfulness, and therefore it is recommended Eating basil daily either as a tea, and it can also be taken to promote a sense of comfort, relaxation, and clear the mind.
  • Helps fight infection and treat wounds: Basil has antibacterial, antiviral, antifungal, and anti-inflammatory properties, and some use this type of herb after surgery to heal and protect wounds. In addition, it may be effective in combating prominent scars, acne, and keloids ( English: Keloids), and mouth ulcers.
  • Reduces blood sugar: experiments on animals and humans have shown that basil can help prevent some symptoms of diabetes, such as: weight gain, excessive insulin secretion (in English: hyperinsulinism), high blood pressure, insulin resistance, and high cholesterol. These studies showed that basil extracts reduced blood sugar levels after a month of consumption.
  • Enhances cognitive function: Basil is characterized by its high content of magnesium and flavonoids, which are two important elements for strengthening the brain. Stress, which improves clarity of mind, memory, and risk of age-related mental disorder.
  • Improves hair and skin health: basil leaves have anti-fungal properties, which helps treat dandruff, itching, scalp irritation, in addition to removing dead cell residues from them. It also promotes hair growth by stimulating follicles, and prevents the appearance of wrinkles and spots and fine lines.
  • Promotes kidney health: Basil contains compounds, such as: acetic acid, which helps rid the body of kidney stones through urine.
  • Prevents colds and flu: Basil can be effective in treating seasonal diseases; Because it has anti-inflammatory, antiviral, and anti-bacterial properties, drinking holy basil tea or consuming its nutritional supplements on a daily basis can help reduce the incidence of these diseases.[6]
  • Repels insects: one study indicated the possibility of using basil as a mosquito repellent.[7]

The nutritional value of basil

The following table shows the nutrients available in 100 grams of fresh basil:[8]

nutritional element



92.06 milliliters


23 calories


3.15 grams


0.64 g


2.65 g


1.6 g


0.30 g


177 milligrams


3.17 milligrams


64 milligrams


295 milligrams

Basil side effects

Basil is considered a safe herb when used in the quantities found in food, and eating parts of this plant that are above ground level is considered safe when added as a flavor to food for adults, children, pregnant or lactating women, although it can cause many effects side effects when used in medicinal quantities and for long periods; Because it contains estragole, which may be harmful to humans, and the side effects that basil oil and its extract can cause are the following:[9][10]

  • Bleeding increases.
  • Slows blood clotting.
  • It reduces blood pressure.
  • It reduces blood sugar levels.
  • Reduces fertility.
  • causes stomach upsets; For those who are allergic to holy basil or other plants of the oral family.
  • It causes uterine contractions in a pregnant woman.

the reviewer

  1. ^ AB “Basil”,,10-2015, Retrieved 5-1-2019. Edited.
  2. ↑ Marsha McCulloch (12-3-2019), “12 Fascinating Benefits and Uses of Basil Seeds”,, Retrieved 5-16-2019. Edited.
  3. ↑ Joseph Nordqvist (1-3-2018), “Why everyone should eat basil”,, Retrieved 5-16-2019. Edited.
  4. ↑ Debra Wilson (30-8-2017), “The Health Benefits of Holy Basil”,, Retrieved 5-16-2019. Edited.
  5. ↑ Vishruta Biyani (18-4-2016), “Top 7 Health Benefits of Basil”,, Retrieved 5-16-2019. Edited.
  6. ↑ “Benefits of Holy Basil”,,(1-2-2017), Retrieved 5-1-2019. Edited.
  7. ↑ “Holy Basil”,, (1-1-2019), Retrieved 5-1-2019. Edited.
  8. ↑ “Basic Report: 02044, Basil, fresh”,, 1-4-2018, Retrieved 16-5-2019. Edited.
  9. ↑ Malia Frey (11-3-2019), “The Health Benefits of Basil”,, Retrieved 13-5-2019. Edited.
  10. ↑ Carmen Mohan (5-12-2017), “Holy Basil”,, Retrieved 5-13-2019. Edited.

Benefits of basil love

writing – on the date : – Last updated: 2022-06-15 00:30:01