Cardamom is a type of spice that is taken from the seeds of a plant similar to ginger. These plants grow in India, Sri Lanka, and other regions. This plant has small green pods containing grains ranging between 15-20 grains, and these pods are larger in a type The cardamom is called black cardamom (English: Elaichi), while green cardamom (English: Elettaria) has smaller pods, and has a different aroma and taste. It is worth noting that cardamom is one of the most widely used spices in many countries, and is widely used in the Middle East. And Turkey, to prepare coffee, and it should be noted that its beans can be chewed to improve the smell of the breath, and it is preferable to buy them in the form of pills or pods, and grind them at the time of use to preserve the taste and aroma of this type of spice.
Benefits and harms of cardamom
Benefits of cardamom
Cardamom, the oils extracted from it, and its extracts have many medicinal properties, so it has been used since ancient times for various therapeutic purposes, and the following are its most important health benefits supported by scientific evidence:
- It contains cancer-fighting compounds: Studies conducted on mice have found that cardamom powder may increase the activity of some enzymes that help fight cancer, and it can also increase the ability of natural killer cells to fight tumors, and one study on humans showed that One of the cardamom compounds stopped the multiplication of oral cancer cells in test tubes, and despite these results, this benefit still needs further study in humans.
- Reducing blood pressure: where one study indicated that cardamom reduced blood pressure to its normal levels in people newly diagnosed with high, and the reason could be that it contains large amounts of antioxidants, which have been associated with reducing blood pressure, and on the other hand, researchers believe that cardamom May reduce blood pressure due to its diuretic effect; Which may increase urination and the disposal of water that accumulates in the body.
- Reduce inflammation: cardamom contains a lot of antioxidants, and these antioxidants protect cells from damage, and stop the appearance of infections, and one study conducted on mice showed that cardamom extracts effectively inhibit at least four inflammatory compounds, and on the other hand it does not There are many studies looking at this effect on humans, but one research indicated that cardamom supplements can increase the antioxidant value in the body by 90%.
- Reducing the level of sugar in the blood: One study indicated that giving cardamom powder to mice that follow a diet high in fat and carbohydrates protects the blood sugar levels from remaining high for a long time compared to those that follow a normal diet, but these results may not apply to people People with type 2 diabetes, and therefore this effect needs further study on humans.
- Improving digestion: Cardamom has been used since ancient times to aid digestion, and was mixed with other medicinal spices to relieve vomiting, nausea, and other disorders, and its role in relieving stomach problems may be associated with the possibility of treating ulcers, and it should be noted that one of the studies conducted on mice I found that cardamom extract can reduce the size of stomach ulcers by at least 50%, and the effectiveness of cardamom extract at a certain dose was more effective than anti-ulcer drugs, and more studies are needed to prove this benefit on humans.
- Improving Respiration: The compounds in cardamom can help increase air flow in the lungs, thus improving breathing. It can also be used as an aromatherapy (in English: Aromatherapy) because of its refreshing scent that improves the body’s ability to use oxygen during exercise, in addition to that it can To be useful in the treatment of asthma.
- It has an anti-bacterial effect: studies have shown that the cardamom extract and the oils extracted from it contain compounds that fight several bacterial strains, and one study has shown that these oils and extracts had a similar or sometimes more effective effect than the anti-bacterial drugs Escherichia coli (English: E. coli), and Staphylococcus; They are two types of bacteria that may cause food poisoning; Other studies have also indicated that cardamom oil fights salmonella and Campylobacter bacteria that cause gastritis, but more research is needed on humans.
Taking cardamom orally and in moderate quantities is safe for human health, and eating it in therapeutic quantities, and inhaling the smell of oils extracted from it is also safe, and its side effects are still unknown, and there are several caveats to taking cardamom by some groups, the most important of which are:
- Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Oral administration of cardamom by a pregnant woman in therapeutic quantities can be unsafe during this period, as there are fears that this may cause a miscarriage. It has or not, and therefore it is recommended to stick to eating it from food sources.
- Gallstones: Cardamom seeds can cause colic associated with gallstones, and therefore it is advised for people with gallstones not to eat large quantities of it, and to stick to its food quantities.
The nutritional value of cardamom
The following table shows the nutrients available in a tablespoon, or the equivalent of 5.8 grams, of ground cardamom:
- ↑ Rena Goldman (7-25-2016), “The Health Potential of Cardamom”, www.healthline.com, Retrieved 12-16-2018. Edited.
- ↑ Lizzie Streit (8-8-2018), “10 Health Benefits of Cardamom, Backed by Science”, www.healthline.com, Retrieved 12-16-2018. Edited.
- ↑ “CARDAMOM”, www.webmd.com, Retrieved 12-16-2018. Edited.
- ↑ “Basic Report: 02006, Spices, cardamom”, www.ndb.nal.usda.gov, Retrieved 12-16-2018. Edited.
Benefits and harms of cardamom