Of course I heard about Arizona before, get to know Arizona, America With its distinguished location and area, it is one of the large American states, its population, geography, climate, and population composition, in addition to the diversity of religions and the level of education and culture in it.

Arizona is a state located in the southwestern United States, its capital is Phoenix and its largest city. It is bordered by Colorado to the northeast, New Mexico to the east, Nevada to the northwest, Mexican California to the south and southwest, California to the west, and it shares with Utah to the north with the Fourcorners region.

Arizona is the 48th and last state to be admitted into the union among the contiguous US states. Became part of Mexico in 1821, it was previously part of New Spain.

Mexico ceded much of the territory after its defeat in the war with America in 1848 and the southern part of the state was acquired in 1853.

Arizona America

Arizona America

Arizona’s population and economy has grown significantly since the fifties of the last century due to immigration to the state, and many companies with headquarters in the state have been active in addition to the University of Arizona.

Arizona is home to a diverse population, with a quarter of the state being Indian reservations, and the state is also home to 27 federally recognized Native American tribes. And since the eighties of the last century, the population of Hispanics has increased due to immigration from Mexico.

Arizona’s geography and area

The total area of ​​the state is about 113,998 square miles, and it is the sixth largest state by area in the United States, 15% of the area is owned by the private sector, and the rest of the land is forests, parks, and Native American reserves.

Arizona has 24 national parks. The southern region of the state has been shaped by volcanoes and is famous for its aloe vera, while the northern part of the state is covered with pine trees.

Although it is a dry state, 27% of it is forest. Northern Arizona also has a valley that was formed by the Colorado River, which formed a channel over millions of years, and is one of the Seven Natural Wonders of the World.

Arizona is among the only two US states that do not adhere to DST.

Weather in Arizona

The climate in Arizona varies due to the large area and the many changes in land elevation. In low-lying areas, the climate is mainly desert, while the northern third of the state is a plateau that is higher than the desert areas and is characterized by a cooler climate.

Among the most important cities in Arizona: Glendale, Buckeye, Peoria, Sun City West, Avondale, Gilbert.

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Demographics of Arizona

Arizona America

The state’s population in 2020 was about 7,151,502, an increase of 12% compared to 2010 due to immigration. The proportion of illegal immigrants to the state in 2010 was 8% of the population, the second highest among the 50 states.

The racial makeup of the state by 2020 was as follows: 53.4% ​​non-Hispanic white, 4.4% African American, 3.7% Native American, 3.5% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, and 0.4% other race.

The top five breeds in the state by 2019 are English, German, Asian, African and Irish.

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the language in Arizona

The most non-English languages ​​spoken in the state are Spanish, Navajo, with small percentages of German, Chinese, Vietnamese, French, Arabic, and Korean.

Arizona is home to the largest Native American-speaking American population of the neighboring 48 states, and has the highest percentage of Native American speakers in the United States.

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Religions and denominations were distributed in Arizona in 2014 as follows: 39% Protestant, 27% unaffiliated, 21% Catholic, 5% Mormon, 2% Jewish, 1% Hindu, 1% Buddhist, 1% Muslim, 2% other religions, 1% Jehovah’s Witnesses.

Economie Arizona

The state’s gross domestic product in 2020 was approximately $373 billion. Arizona has a diversified economy with the largest share of health care, transportation, and government.

The average per capita income in the state is $40,828, which is ranked 39th in the United States, and the median household income is $50,448, which makes the state 22nd, which is slightly lower than the national average household income in the United States.

Arizona’s economy has been based since ancient times on five major components: copper, cotton, citrus, livestock, and tourism. As for copper mining, it represents two-thirds of the country’s production.

The largest employment sectors in Arizona are commerce, transportation, utilities, education, health services, manufacturing, financial activities, construction, and mining.

government and politics

The state legislature consists of the 30-member Senate and 60-member House of Representatives.

Each legislature has a term of two years, the predominant party being the Republican Party.

The executive branch of power includes the governor, the secretary of state, the attorney general, the treasurer of state, the president of the Senate, and the superintendent of public education.

The governor is elected for a term of four years, and Arizona is one of the few states that does not have a governor’s mansion, and is one of five states that do not have a deputy governor.

The judiciary includes the Supreme Court, the courts of appeal and the local courts.

In a 2006 referendum, Arizona rejected the ban on same-sex marriage.

Since the mid-twentieth century, the Republican Party has dominated state politics and is prevalent in Phoenix, Tucson, and suburbs, while Democrats are mostly in rural areas.

Arizona supports the Republican Party at the federal level, and the Democratic Party supports it in elections at the state level.

Education in Arizona

Arizona America

Arizona has 220 school districts that operate independently, are administered by elected principals, and are supervised by the Board of Education and the state Department of Education.

Among the most important universities in Arizona: The University of Arizona, Arizona State University, and Northern Arizona University, which are subject to the state board of governors.

There are a large number of for-profit universities in private higher education in the state, as well as a large number of vocational schools and community colleges, two years, were managed by a separate board of directors and since 2002 the management has been transferred to the community college areas by the legislature .

Culture in Arizona

Arizona gives great attention to various types of arts and is considered a center of Native American art, as it is rich in galleries that display historical and contemporary works, including the Heard Museum in Phoenix, which is an example of Native American art,

There is also the phoenix art museum, which displays the largest collection of visual arts in the southwest of the world, and it represents a mixture of American, Asian, European, Latin American, Western American, contemporary and modern art.

Arizona also pays great attention to music, movies, and sports, especially college sports, including soccer and baseball.

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