melasma

Melasma is a very common skin problem among women between the ages of 20 to 50 years, which is the appearance of dark brown spots on different parts of the skin, especially on the forehead, chin, upper cheeks, and the area above the lips. And there are certainly factors that affect the skin, and in turn cause the appearance of melasma, such as: excessive exposure to sunlight, which urges the body to secrete large amounts of dark pigment melanin, and thus the appearance of skin pigmentation, in addition to the occurrence of imbalances in hormone levels, especially during pregnancy. , and others. These pigmentation reduce the aesthetic appearance of women, which causes a lack of self-confidence, and fortunately there are many medical and natural methods that can help remove melasma, and whiten the face of any brown spots that may affect it.[1][2]

Factors that cause the appearance of melasma

There are a number of factors that negatively affect the skin and cause the appearance of melasma, including:[2]

  • The hormonal changes that affect the body, during the different stages it is going through.
  • Excessive exposure to sunlight.
  • Thyroid gland problems.
  • Excessive stress and tension.
  • Some medicines, especially those used to treat cancer, and some medicines whose composition depends on hormones, such as: contraceptive pills.[3]
  • Some cosmetics, and some types of perfumed soap.[3]

Tips for dealing with costs

There are some tips that are recommended to be applied to deal with melasma, to ensure that the skin is protected and the problem does not worsen, including:[4]

  • Regularly taking medications: When you have melasma, it is recommended to visit a dermatologist, who will determine the appropriate treatment. Which must be taken regularly to ensure that the skin heals from these annoying pigmentations, in a short time.
  • Sun protection: Excessive exposure to the sun is one of the main factors for the emergence of melasma. Therefore, it is recommended to protect the skin from the harmful rays of the sun, by taking all possible precautions, such as: applying sunscreen to the skin before exposure, provided that it has an appropriate protection factor of 30 or more. It is also recommended to try to protect the facial skin as much as possible, by wearing wide-brimmed hats or carrying sun umbrellas when going out, to block the sun’s rays from the skin.
  • Reducing stress: Stress and tension are one of the causes of the appearance of melasma on the skin, as high levels of stress have a major role in the rise in hormone levels, and thus their imbalance, as the result of skin pigmentation. Therefore, it is recommended to try to reduce stress by doing various activities that relax the body, such as: practicing yoga, walking, and trying meditation sessions.[5]

Medical methods for removing melasma and whitening the face

There are many medical methods that are used to remove melasma and whiten the face from these pigmentations, including:[6]

  • Topical azelaic acid: This acid helps reduce the secretion of the pigment responsible for the appearance of dark pigmentation spots on the skin.
  • Hydroquinone cream: It is a substance that stops the production of more melanin pigment, the increased secretion of which leads to a darkening of the skin color.
  • Tretinoin: It is a type of vitamin A derivative, it helps to remove the dark skin cell layer, which is present on the skin, which helps to remove the melasma layer, and the appearance of a white layer under it.
  • Intense Pulsed Light Therapy: It is a technique in which specific wavelengths of light are used, so that they are shed on the skin affected by melasma, and work to remove it.
  • Chemical peeling: It is a method in which certain acids are used, so that they are placed on the skin affected by melasma, such as glycolic acid, which causes the dark skin to peel off and reveal new white skin underneath.

Natural ways to remove melasma and whiten the face

There are many natural recipes that may help remove melasma and whiten facial skin. Such as:

oatmeal recipe

Oats can be used as an excellent scrub for the skin, and therefore it works to remove the dead skin cells accumulated on them, which helps to remove melasma, and the method is:[2]

  • the ingredients:
  • How to prepare:
  • Two tablespoons of oatmeal powder.
  • Two tablespoons of milk.
  • A tablespoon of honey.
  • mixing bowl.
  • clean towel.
  • Bring the bowl, and put the ingredients in it.
  • Mix the ingredients well, then apply the mixture to the affected skin and leave it for 20 minutes.
  • Gently rub the mixture onto the skin.
  • Wash the skin with water, and dry it with a clean towel.
  • Repeat the recipe two or three times a week, for a month.

Potato recipe

Potatoes have properties that help lighten the skin, which suffers from melasma, as it contains azelaic acid, which reduces the formation of hyperpigmentation, and the method is:[4]

  • Peel one potato and squeeze it in the electric mixer, to get its juice.
  • Apply the juice to the affected skin and leave it on until it dries.
  • Wash the skin with lukewarm water.
  • The recipe is repeated daily.

Almond recipe

Almonds contain many nutrients necessary for skin health, as it has natural lightening properties because it contains vitamin E, which makes it a great recipe for removing melasma and lightening the skin, and the way is:[7]

  • the ingredients:
  • How to prepare:
  • A teaspoon of ground almonds.
  • A small amount of honey.
  • mixing bowl.
  • Bring the bowl, and put the ingredients in it.
  • Mix the ingredients well, to get a thick paste.
  • Put the paste on the affected skin, and leave it for 30 minutes.
  • Rinse the skin with lukewarm water, and dry it well.
  • Repeat the recipe 3 to 4 times a week.

lemon recipe

Lemon is one of the skin-loving materials, because it contains astringent properties that protect the skin, and because of its acidic properties, it is able to remove the layer that contains dark pigmentation, so it is a great recipe for removing melasma and whitening the skin, and the method is:[7]

  • Put the juice of a lemon on the affected skin, and rub the skin gently for one to two minutes.
  • Leave lemon juice on the skin for 20 minutes.
  • Wash the skin with lukewarm water.
  • The recipe is repeated daily.

the reviewer

  1. ↑ Gary W. Cole, MD, FAAD, “Melasma”, www.medicinenet.com, Retrieved 11-12-2018. Edited.
  2. ^ a b c “Home Remedies for Melasma”, www.top10homeremedies.com, 2017-12-8, Retrieved 11-12-2018. Edited.
  3. ^ A/Prof Amanda Oakley, “Melasma”, www.dermnetnz.org, Retrieved 11-12-2018. Edited.
  4. ^ AP Ramona Sinha (2018-6-29), “How To Prevent Pigmentation During Pregnancy”, www.stylecraze.com, Retrieved 2018-12-11. Edited.
  5. ↑ “How to Treat Melasma”, www.wikihow.com, Retrieved 2018-12-11. Edited.
  6. ↑ “Melasma (Chloasma)”, www.drugs.com, Retrieved 11-12-2018. Edited.
  7. ^ a b “How To Treat Melasma Naturally At Home: 10 Easy Tips”, www.vkool.com, Retrieved 11-12-2018. Edited.

A recipe for removing melasma and whitening the face

writing – on the date : – Last updated: 2022-06-19 07:03:01