Cultivation of jasmine is what many people like. The jasmine flower (Jasminum polyanthum) is a type of flowering shrubs belonging to the olive family.
It is spread in most parts of the world because of the beauty of its flower, and the jasmine flower is the national flower of Indonesia and the Philippines, and it is believed that the origin of this flower dates back to western China. The jasmine flower often comes in white or yellow color, and is characterized by its fragrant smell, and the length of the jasmine plant usually ranges between 3 and 4.5 meters, as it gives a beautiful view of the place, while there are two types of jasmine that can be used in the production of oil, and the jasmine flower is distinguished by its aroma The strong and pungent that smells after sunset, especially on the days when the moon is about to be full, and the jasmine tree blooms in the summer or spring after six months of planting, and it is worth mentioning that there are two types of jasmine flower, the real jasmine and the false jasmine, and they are confused because of the similarity Odor. Its types include Shami jasmine, yellow jasmine, winter jasmine, spring jasmine, pink jasmine, and royal jasmine.
For the beauty of the jasmine plant, in today’s article, we will learn about the ten most important information that may help you about cultivating jasmine:
Prepare the soil and the right place
A suitable place must be found for cultivating jasmine, in line with its type and environmental needs; Such as determining the appropriate level of sunlight that it needs, and the appropriate temperature for it, and the space that suits the nature of its growth must be provided, as some types may climb and grow on walls, while others spread as a ground cover.
Jasmine flowers do not have both male and female reproductive parts in the same flower, so they cannot self-pollinate, and butterflies and bees are the main accessories of jasmine.
After pollination, the flowers turn into black berries, the fruit of the jasmine tree.
Jasmine reproduces by cuttings, which are parts of the plant that are separated with a part of the root from the mother plant, to be planted in a new and independent place.
Jasmine plant growth period
Jasmine plant care is very easy, and does not require much effort, time or money to be spent. Jasmine seeds are planted at spaced distances of at least 2.40 m, and planting is carried out in late summer until late autumn, starting from June until November. The plant usually blooms after six months of planting.
Jasmine, like any delicate plant, needs special care. It is preferable to fertilize jasmine once a month; In order to maintain its flowering, it is preferable to sprinkle water-soluble fertilizers around the base of the jasmine, but some species, such as Asian jasmine, do not need to be fertilized more than three to four times in the first year of its cultivation.
It can be taken care of by applying natural fertilizers such as vegetable scraps and fish residues.
Soil suitable for growing jasmine
Jasmine has a special climate and soil that is distinguished from other plants. The best soil for growing jasmine is sandy soil, and it should be well-drained.
Jasmine grows best with a pH level between 4.9 and 8.3, and you can also add lime to the soil to raise the pH level.
Best times to water jasmine
The best time to water the jasmine plant is in the early morning, or late in the evening. As for the plant that is planted in the ground, it must be watered once a week. Ways are considered
Irrigation of jasmine is not different from other plants, as the appropriate irrigation method is chosen depending on the nature of the soil, taking into account that dry soil absorbs water faster than clay, and the water must be directed to the base of the plant at ground level until it reaches the desired place, which is the roots, A jug of water can be used to irrigate home jasmine.
heat and jasmine
Jasmine is a plant that needs warm weather and regular sunlight. All kinds of jasmine plants grow well in areas with warm climates, as they are sensitive to cold winter temperatures, and are affected by hot summer temperatures.
Jasmine planting time
Home jasmine flowers are usually planted in the month of February until the end of April. Jasmine plants bloom naturally in early fall as well as in spring, but some species can produce blooms continuously throughout the year, winter jasmine for example, often blooming long into the winter months.
Water and jasmine cultivation
One of the most important things that must be provided for the success of jasmine cultivation is water. Water must always be provided and to avoid leaving manure or soil to dry out even during the winter, and to maintain soil moisture without saturating it with water. This will help the jasmine live as long as possible. Read also: 10 most beautiful but poisonous flowers
Diseases affecting the jasmine plant
The most common diseases of jasmine are blight, rust, and fusarium wilt, all of which affect many other types of plants.
These diseases mainly affect leaves and stems and leave necrotic areas (necrotic areas), discolored halos or spots, wilted leaves, striped stems, and sometimes spread to young plants.
Treating jasmine plant diseases from fungal problems requires a fungicide or baking soda and water spray.
Prevention is even more important because once fungal spores become active, they are difficult to get rid of. Avoid sprinkler irrigation and allow plenty of room for air movement around the plant to help reduce the chances of a fungus infestation.
Nematode root knots also cause defoliation and discoloration, mostly due to damage by nematodes, which feed on their roots. Here the larvae are difficult to remove once established, but you can try soaking the soil with an appropriate insecticide. Otherwise, buy only nematode-resistant varieties of jasmine.